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About Sandur Taluk

Sandur the princely state, which had an area of just 1258 sq.kms. and a population of 1,91,166 was surrounded on all sides by the taluks of Bellary district of the erstwhile Madras State (1947). Under the circumstances, it had no option except to cooperate with the Govt.of India which took up the task of integrating the princily states. On 1st April the administration of Sandur was transfered to the Govt.of India.In the year 1950 by adding Choranur and Torangal RI circles Sandur had become a separate taluk of Bellary district. In olden days it was called Skandapuri ie., the city of Skanda or Kumaraswamy whose temple is situated nearby Sandur.

This is a border taluk to Andhra Pradesh where 25 villages of Karnataka fall on the border of the said state. The taluk is bounded on the north and west by the Hospet taluk, on the south by Kudligi taluk and on the east by the Bellary taluk.

Sandur taluk occupies 3rd place in area and 5th place in population size. The geographical area of the taluk is 1258 sq.km. and population is 1,91,166 as per 2001 census. This accounts for 9.43 p.c. of district’s population and its area accounts for 15 p.c.Sandur taluk comes under the jurisdiction of is Bellary. revenue sub-division with 3 R I circles.

Cultivation

The normal rainfall is 806.8 mm. The major crops grown are bajra, maize, cotton, jowar and sunflower. The net irrigated area is only 5235 hec. hec.(13 p.c.).

Details of Irrigated Land Under Different Water Sources in Sandur Taluk
Sl.No
Particulars
Area (Hectares)
Percent
1
Tunga Badra Project - High Level Canal
334
6.38
2

Tunga Badra Project - Low Level Canal

-

-

Total Tunga Badra Project
334
6.38
3
Narihalla Project
800
15.28
4
Tanks
2410
46.04
5
Wells/Borewells
1691
32.30
Total area under irrigination
5235
100.00

 

Net Cultivable Area (in Hectares)
Irrigated
Rainfed
Total
5235 (13.20 p.c)
34423 (86.80 p.c)
39658 (100 p.c)

Industrialisation

Industrialization is one of the important means of promoting economic development of the country. Sandur is one of the important taluks in the district where industrialization is taking place rapidly. This is because of the establishment of Jindal Steel Factory at Toranagallu. In this taluk there are 857 industrial units with an investment of Rs. 851.83 lakh. These units provide employment to 3084 persons. Among medium and large-scale units Sandur Micro Circuites Ltd., (Capacitors Network) and N.M.D.C.Ltd., Donimalai (Iron Ore).

There are 928 Rural artisans whose activity comprises of Carpentry, Blacksmith, Goldsmith, Rope making, Pottery, Lather, Tailoring, Stone cutting, Mat weaving and Mirror embroidery.

Statistics at a Glance

CENSUS OF INDIA - 2001
Results Sandur taluk vis--vis District vis--vis State
Subject
Sandur Taluk
Bellary District
Karnataka State
1991
2001
1991
2001
1991
2001
Number of revenue Villages
88
89
542
524
29193
Number of hoblies
3
3
27
27
745
745
Number of Gram Panchayats
-
21
-
189
-
5689
Corporations
-
-
-
1
218
228
CMC's
-
-
2
1
Town Muncipal Council
-
-
1
1
Town Panchayats
-
1
7
7
ZP Members
-
5
-
32
-
890
TP Members
-
17
-
112
-
3288
GP Memebrs
-
421
-
2586
-
80073
Area in Sq. Km
1258
1258
8447
8447
191792
191792
Total Population (in lakhs)
1.56
1.91
16.56
20.27
449.77
528.51
Male Population (in lakhs)
0.80
0.98
8.42
40.28
229.52
268.99
Female Population (in lakhs)
0.76
0.93
8.14
9.97
220.25
259.52
Decadal Growth Rate - p.c
27.00
22.44
26.84
22.30
21.12
17.25
Population Density ( per Sq.Km)
124
152
196
240
235
275
Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males)
954
949
966
969
960
964
0-6 Population - p.c
20.53
16.23
19.35
14.06
16.63
12.94
Rural Population (in Percent)
146627 (93.74)
156998 (82.13)
1125746 (67.98)
1320290 (65.13)
31069412 (69.07)
34889033 (66.01)
Urban Population (in Percent)
9782 (06.26)
34168 (17.87)
530254 (32.02)
706850 (34.87)
13907788 (32.93)
17961529 (33.99)
SC Population (in percent)
275575 (17.63)
32105 (16.79)
311252 (18.79)
374218 (18.46)
7369279 (16.38)
8563930 (16.20)
ST Population (in percent)
27223 (17.40)
51737 (27.06)
147569 (8.91)
364638 (17.99)
1915691 (4.25)
3463986 (6.55)
Literacy - p.c
33.00
53.30
45.89
58.55
56.04
67.04
Male Literacy - p.c
44.00
65.50
59.11
70.20
67.26
76.29
Female Literacy -p.c
22.00
40.40
32.24
46.58
44.34
57.25

 

Composite Comprehensive Development Index , 2001 - Sandur Taluk
Sl. No
Subject
Relatively Developed
Backward
More Backward
Most Backward
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 Literacy Rate
-
-
-
ü
2 Percentage of children out school in (6-14) age group
-
-
ü
-
3 Pupil - Teacher Ratio
-
-
-
ü
4 Educational Infrastructure Index
-
-
ü
-
5 Number of students enrolled in Govt. and Aided degree colleges per lakh
-
-
-
ü
6 Number of Hospital beds per 10,000 population
-
-
-
ü
7 Number of doctors per 10,000 population
-
-
-
ü
8 Health Infrastructure Index
-
-
-
ü
9 Drinking water facility
ü
-
-
-
10 Social Infrastructure
-
-
-
ü

Infrastructure Stats

Sl.No
Particulars
Unit
Number
Education
1
Lower Primary Schools
Number
74
2
Higher Primary Schools
Number
74
3
High Schools
Number
07
4
P U Colleges
Number
01
5
Moaraji Desai Schools
Number
00
6
Residential Schools
Number
00
7
Benificiaries under Akshara Dashoha
Number
45861
8
Polytechnic Colleges
Number
01
11
Medical Colleges
Number
00
12
Ayurvedic Colleges
Number
00
13
Pharmacy Colleges
Number
00
Note: Dr.Nanjundappa Committee report says Sandur taluk is more backward taluk as far as infrastructure development related to Education sector is concerned. However this taluk is either more backward or most backward at literacy levels and pupil teacher ratio. Because of various interventions under S S A program the dropout rates have considerably come down in this taluk.
Health
1
Medical Collges Hospitals
Number
00
2
Primary Heath Centres
Number
05
3
Health Sub-Centres
Number
39
4
Primary Health Units
Number
-
5
Govt. Ayurvedic Hospitals
Number
01
6
Govt. Ayurvedic Dispensaries
Number
05
7
Govt. Homeophathy Dispensaries
Number
00
8
Govt. Unany Dispensaries
Number
00
9
Fogging Machines
Number
12
10
Ambulances
Number
03
Note: According to Dr.Nanjundappa’s committee report this is the taluk which is most backward as far as infrastructure development is concerned. However the health conditions status in the taluk/district causing concern.The incidence of Aids,Polio,JE and Dengue fever etc.,the most uncommon diseses are prevalent in this district.
Social Welfare
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
05
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys- strength
Number
400
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hosptels for girls - strength
Number
85
5
Post-metrict hostels for boys
Number
01
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
50
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
00
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
00
9
Ashrama School
Number
01
10
Ashrama School - strength
Number
75
B C M
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
03
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
175
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
50
5
Navodaya Sale
Number
01
Women and Child
1
Anganwadi Centres
Number
220
2
Anganwadi centres with own buildings
Number
154
3
Nutrition - benificiaries - (0-6) children
Number
11220
4
Nutrition - benificiaries - pregnant and mothers
Number
2352
5
Shtree Shakthi groups
Number
515
6
Members in Shtree Shalkthi groups
Number
7725
7
Bank linkages provided
No. of groups
224
8
Savings
Rs. lakhs
157.75
Note: The members of Shree Shakthi groups are preferred for assigning responsibilities like cooking jobs under Akshara Dasoha, Tax Collection at Grama Panchayat Level.
Agriculture
1
Cultivators - Male (2001 census)
Number
20067
2
Cultivators - Female (2001 census)
Number
5299
3
Cultivators - Total (2001 census)
Number
25366
4
Agriculture Labourers - Male
Number
5577
5
Agriculture Labourers - Female
Number
7980
6
Agriculture Labourers - Total
Number
13557
Animal Husbandry
1
Veternary Hospitals
Number
01
2
Dispensaries
Number
05
3
Primary Vet. Centres
Number
04
4
Mobile Vet. Dispensaries
Number
01
5
Total Animal population
Number
164457
Fisheries
1
Irrigation tanks
Number
44
2
Fish ponds
Number
05
3
Fishermen
Number
6450
4
Average annual production
M. Tones
2871.54
Forest
1 Area under forest
Hectares
30561
2 Area under forest to Total Area
Percentage
32
Roads
1
National Highways
Km
11
2
State Highways
Km
67
3
District Roads
Km
174
4
Other district roads
Km
22
5
Rural Roads
Km
121
6
T D B Roads
Km
200
7
Irrigation Roads
Km
14
Total Length
Km
609
8
Length of Railway line
Km
74
Rural Drinking Water
1
Flouride affected villages
Number
84
2
Borewells
Number
784
3
Mini Water Supply schemes
Number
89
4
Piped Water Supply schemes
Number
62
Note: One third of villages in the district are flouride affected. Alternative proposed are surface water and de-flouride filters
Below Poverty Line (BPL)
1
BPL households as per 1997 Census
Number
13217
2
BPL households as per 1997 Census
percent
42.00

Places of Interest

(a) Bommagatta:

This village is situated at a distance of 48 kms from Sandur town.It is famous because of an old temple of Hulikuntaraya (Anjeneyaswamy).

(b) Daroji Tank:

This tank built by Tipu at Daroji village whicj is 48 kms from Sandur town.This tank is said to be one of the biggest tanks in the district.When this tank breached in 1851,the old village of Daroji destroyed under its impact.Susequently a new village was built (new Daroji).

(c) Donimalai Hill Range:

The Donimalai hill range with huge potentiality of iron ore is being exploited by NMDC.This is the first venture of NMDC in the southern region of the country.

(d) Ramanadurga Hill Station:

From Sandur at a distance of 16 kms the said hill station is situated at a height of 3256 feet from the sea level.The hill station provides excellent views into the Sandur valley on one side and over the western taluks on the other side.There is a fort in this village built by prince Kumara Rama of Kampli which ofcourse now in a ruined state.There is one Ramadeva temple which is rebuilt out the remains of an older temple.

(e) Kumaraswamy Temple Complex:

This is 12 kms away from sandur on a hill station.

(f) Vithoba Temple , Maharaja's Palace at Sandur

Content Provided By : District Administration, Bellary District, Bellary
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