About Siruguppa Taluk

Siruguppa taluk takes its name from its headquaters town. Siruguppa means “pile of wealth”.This taluk came into existence w e f 1st October 1910 after merging 46 villages from the Ballari taluk, 29 from the Adoni taluk and 23 from the Alur taluk.However Siruguppa taluk was abolished on 1st April 1923. But again, w e f 15th April 1929, 33 villages from the Adoni taluk,7 villages from Alur taluk along with the villages included in the Siruguppa Deputy Tahsildar’s devision of Ballari taluk,constituted into a new taluk with Siruguppa as its Headquarters.

This is a border taluk where a significant number of people speak telugu. There is perfect hormony between kannada and telugu speaking people.

The taluk is bounded on the north by the Sindhanoor taluk of Raichur district, on the south by Ballari taluk and the east by the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh and on the west by Hospet and Ballari taluks.

Siruguppa taluk occupies 4th place both in area and population. The geographical area of the taluk is 1042 sq.km. and population is 2,35,344 as per 2001 census.This accounts for 12 p.c. of both district’s population and its area. Siruguppa comes under Ballari revenue sub-division.

The lands surrounding Ibrahampura and Desanur are reputed to be among the best lands in the district.Paddy, plantations, cocoanuts, sweet potatoes and garlic are sent to other places in large quanties. There are 4 RI circles with 83 revenue villages. Siruguppa and Tekkalakote towns have Town Panchayats.

 

Cultivation

There are only two tributaries of the Tungabadhra river viz.,Hagari and Chikka Hagari which passes through two taluks - Ballari and Siruguppa.

The normal rainfall is 645.00 mm. The major crops grown are paddy, jowar and bajra, sunflower and groundnut ,cotton, sugarcane. The net irrigated area constitute only 28310 hec.(34 p.c.). Being a border taluk many farmers from Andhra Pradesh have migrated here and cultivate lands on lease basis.

Details of Irrigated Land Under Different Water Sources in Siruguppa Taluk
Sl.No
Particulars
Area (Hectares)
Percent
1
Tunga Badra Project - High Level Canal
1610
5.79
2

Tunga Badra Project - Low Level Canal

a. Perennial
b.Wet
c.DCW

 

3290
4805
15672

 

11.62
16.97
55.35
Total Tunga Badra Project
25377
89.63
3
Vijayanagara Canal
1211
4.28
4
Lift Irrigation
1098
3.88
5
Tanks
-
-
6
Wells/Borewells
624
2.21
Total area under irrigination
28310
100.00

 

Net Cultivable Area (in Hectares)
Irrigated
Rainfed
Total
28310 (34 p.c)
54738 (66 p.c)
83048 (100 p.c)

Industrialisation

Industrialization is one of the important means of promoting economic development of the country. Siruguppa taluk occupies third place after Ballari and Hospet taluks in industrial activity when number of units is taken into consideration. In this taluk there are 1016 industrial units with an investment of Rs. 3293.95 lakh. These units provides employment to 4528 persons. Among medium and large scale units Siruguppa Sugar and Chemicals (Sugar), Unimetal Ispat Ltd, and (Foundry grade pig Iron) are worth mentioning.

There are 1653 Rural artisans whose activity comprises of Carpentry, Blacksmith, Barbers, Goldsmith, Rope making, Pottery and Cotton weaving.

Statistics at a Glance

CENSUS OF INDIA - 2001
Results Siruguppa taluk vis-à-vis District vis-à-vis State
Subject
Siruguppa Taluk
Ballari District
Karnataka State
1991
2001
1991
2001
1991
2001
Number of revenue Villages
84
83
542
524
29193
Number of hoblies
3
4
27
27
745
745
Number of Gram Panchayats
-
26
-
189
-
5689
Corporations
-
-
-
1
218
228
CMC's
-
-
2
1
Town Muncipal Council
-
-
1
1
Town Panchayats
-
2
7
7
ZP Members
-
4
-
32
-
890
TP Members
-
14
-
112
-
3288
GP Memebrs
-
362
-
2586
-
80073
Area in Sq. Km
1042
1042
8447
8447
191792
191792
Total Population (in lakhs)
1.89
2.35
16.56
20.27
449.77
528.51
Male Population (in lakhs)
0.95
1.18
8.42
40.28
229.52
268.99
Female Population (in lakhs)
0.94
1.17
8.14
9.97
220.25
259.52
Decadal Growth Rate - p.c
27.00
24.33
26.84
22.30
21.12
17.25
Population Density ( per Sq.Km)
181
226
196
240
235
275
Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males)
985
992
966
969
960
964
0-6 Population - p.c
20.18
16.73
19.35
14.06
16.63
12.94
Rural Population (in Percent)
139286 (73.52)
168739 (71.75)
1125746 (67.98)
1320290 (65.13)
31069412 (69.07)
34889033 (66.01)
Urban Population (in Percent)
50156 (26.47)
66440 (28.25)
530254 (32.02)
706850 (34.87)
13907788 (32.93)
17961529 (33.99)
SC Population (in percent)
35585 (18.78)
45511 (19.35)
311252 (18.79)
374218 (18.46)
7369279 (16.38)
8563930 (16.20)
ST Population (in percent)
12695 (6.70)
42009 (17.86)
147569 (8.91)
364638 (17.99)
1915691 (4.25)
3463986 (6.55)
Literacy - p.c
25.00
44.14
45.89
58.55
56.04
67.04
Male Literacy - p.c
36.00
57.58
59.11
70.20
67.26
76.29
Female Literacy -p.c
15.00
30.83
32.24
46.58
44.34
57.25

 

Composite Comprehensive Development Index , 2001 - Siruguppa Taluk
Sl. No
Subject
Relatively Developed
Backward
More Backward
Most Backward
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 Literacy Rate
-
-
-
ü
2 Percentage of children out school in (6-14) age group
-
-
-
ü
3 Pupil - Teacher Ratio
-
-
ü
-
4 Educational Infrastructure Index
-
-
-
ü
5 Number of students enrolled in Govt. and Aided degree colleges per lakh
-
-
-
ü
6 Number of Hospital beds per 10,000 population
-
-
-
ü
7 Number of doctors per 10,000 population
-
-
-
ü
8 Health Infrastructure Index
-
-
-
ü
9 Drinking water facility
-
-
ü
-
10 Social Infrastructure
-
-
-
ü
Source : Dr. Nanjundappa Committee Report

Infrastructure Stats

Sl.No
Particulars
Unit
Number
Education
1
Lower Primary Schools
Number
85
2
Higher Primary Schools
Number
67
3
High Schools
Number
09
4
P U Colleges
Number
02
5
Moaraji Desai Schools
Number
00
6
Residential Schools
Number
00
7
Benificiaries under Akshara Dashoha
Number
25381
8
Enrolment in schools (6-14) children
Percent
99.80
9
Engineering Colleges
Number
00
10
Polytechnic Colleges
Number
01
11
Medical Colleges
Number
00
12
Ayurvedic Colleges
Number
00
13
Pharmacy Colleges
Number
00
Note: Dr.Nanjundappa Committee report says Siruguppa taluk is most backward taluk as far as infrastructure development related to Education sector is concerned.This taluk is most backward in literacy levels and pupil teacher ratio. Because of various interventions under S S A program the dropout rates have considerably come down in this taluk.
Health
1
Medical Collges Hospitals
Number
00
2
Primary Heath Centres
Number
06
3
Health Sub-Centres
Number
39
4
Primary Health Units
Number
02
5
Govt. Ayurvedic Hospitals
Number
01
6
Govt. Ayurvedic Dispensaries
Number
09
7
Govt. Homeophathy Dispensaries
Number
00
8
Govt. Unany Dispensaries
Number
00
9
Fogging Machines
Number
07
10
Ambulances
Number
02
Note: According to Dr.Nanjundappa’s committee report this is the most backward taluk in the district as far as infrastucture development is concerned. However the health conditions status in the taluk/district causing concern. The incidence of Aids,Polio,JE and Dengue fever etc.,the most uncommon diseses are prevalent in this district.
Social Welfare
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
05
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys- strength
Number
395
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hosptels for girls - strength
Number
60
5
Post-metrict hostels for boys
Number
01
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
50
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
00
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
00
9
Ashrama School
Number
01
10
Ashram School - strength
Number
100
B C M
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
04
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
205
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
50
5
Post-metric hostels for boys
Number
01
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
50
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
00
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
00
9
Ashrama Schools (Boys and Girls)
Number
01
10
Ashrama School - strength
Number
25
Note: During 2003-04, out of 477 hostel inmates who appeared for SSLC exam. 122 (or 26 p.c) students have secured first class, 125 (or 26 p.c), second class and 153 (or 32 p.c) third class.
Women and Child
1
Anganwadi Centres
Number
197
2
Anganwadi centres with own buildings
Number
175
3
Nutrition - benificiaries - (0-6) children
Number
15263
4
Nutrition - benificiaries - pregnant and mothers
Number
3843
5
Shtree Shakthi groups
Number
542
6
Members in Shtree Shalkthi groups
Number
8130
7
Bank linkages provided
No. of groups
206
8
Savings
Rs. lakhs
63.00
Note: The members of Shree Shakthi groups are preferred for assigning responsibilities like cooking jobs under Akshara Dasoha, Tax Collection at Grama Panchayat Level.
Agriculture
1
Cultivators - Male (2001 census)
Number
21373
2
Cultivators - Female (2001 census)
Number
8762
3
Cultivators - Total (2001 census)
Number
30135
4
Agriculture Labourers - Male
Number
27013
5
Agriculture Labourers - Female
Number
34216
6
Agriculture Labourers - Total
Number
61229
Animal Husbandry
1
Veternary Hospitals
Number
01
2
Dispensaries
Number
06
3
Primary Vet. Centres
Number
02
4
Mobile Vet. Dispensaries
Number
01
5
Total Animal population
Number
121930
Fisheries
1
Irrigation tanks
Number
04
2
Fish ponds
Number
53
3
Fishermen
Number
6760
4
Average annual production
M. Tones
265
Forest
1 Area under forest
Hectares
2171
2 Area under forest to Total Area
Percentage
02
Roads
1
National Highways
Km
00
2
State Highways
Km
34
3
District Roads
Km
205
4
Other district roads
Km
00
5
Rural Roads
Km
111
6
T D B Roads
Km
476
7
Irrigation Roads
Km
144
Total Length
Km
970
8
Length of Railway line
Km
00
Rural Drinking Water
1
Flouride affected villages
Number
71
2
Borewells
Number
113
3
Mini Water Supply schemes
Number
113
4
Piped Water Supply schemes
Number
76
Note: One third of villages in the district are flouride affected. Alternative proposed are surface water and de-flouride filters
Below Poverty Line (BPL)
1
BPL households as per 1997 Census
Number
15981
2
BPL households as per 1997 Census
percent
46.11

Places of Interest

(a) Shambhulinga and Kotturu Basavanna temples:

(b) Tekkalakota:

This town is 43 kms. from Ballari city. After downfall of Vijayanagara, Tekkalakota came under the control of Palagar Hanumappa Nayaka of Ballari. He built a fort around Amareswara temple in the village.Subsequently Hanumappa’s family lost it to the Muslim governer of Adoni in 1725. Again in 1775 it was captured by Hyder Ali who built the square stone fort adjoining to Siruguppa road.