About Ballari Taluk

Ballari taluk takes its name from its headquarters town which is also the district headquarters town. There are several stories in circulation regarding the origin of its name. In one such story it is believed that the name is connected with the defeat and death of a demon king by name Bala who was harassing devekanyas at the hands of Indra. This place came to be known as ‘Bala - hari’ which in the course of time pronounced as ‘Ballari / Ballari ‘.

This is a border taluk where a significant number of people speak telugu.The number of villages fall on the border of Andhra Pradesh are 46 in number.The Govt. of India at the time of formation of Andhra state announced that with the exception of Ballari taluk all other taluks viz., Harpanahalli, Hadagali, Hospet, Kudligi, Sandur and Siruguppa which had large no.of kannada speaking people should form part of the Mysore state. However it was only after Mr.Justice Lakshmi Shankar Misra’s visit to Ballari and on his recommendations to the Govt., Ballari taluk had been merged with the then Mysore state. There is perfect hormony between kannada and telugu speaking people.
The taluk is bounded on the north by the Siruguppa taluk on the south by the Alur taluk of Andhra Pradesh,on the east by the Anantapur and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh and on the west by Sandur and Hospet taluks.

Ballari taluk is the largest both in area and population among seven taluks.The geographical area of the taluk is 1689 sq.km., and population is 625494 as per 2001 census.This accounts for 31 p.c. of district’s population and its area accounts for 20 p.c.Ballari is revenue sub-division headquarters with 3 taluks.Ballari taluk has 5 R I circles.

Cultivation

There are only two tributaries of the Tungabadhra river viz.,Hagari and Chikka Hagari which passes through two taluks - Ballari and Siruguppa.

The normal rainfall is 525.4 mm. The major crops grown are paddy,maize,jowar,sunflower,cotton, and bengalgram.The net irrigated area constitute only 61076 hec.(41 p.c.). Being a border taluk many farmers from Andhra Pradesh have migrated here and cultivate lands on lease basis.TB canals cover 59491 hec.(98 p.c.) and other source of irrigation is through wells and borewells.

Details of Irrigated Land Under Different Water Sources in Ballari Taluk
Sl.No
Particulars
Area (Hectares)
Percent
1
Tunga Badra Project - High Level Canal
51600
84.48
2

Tunga Badra Project - Low Level Canal

a. Perennial
b.Wet
c.DCW

 

858
2039
4994

 

01.40
03.34
08.18
Total Tunga Badra Project
59491
97.40
3
Lift Irrigation
534
00.87
4
Tanks
-
-
5
Wells/Borewells
1051
01.73
Total area under irrigination
61076
100.00

 

Net Cultivable Area (in Hectares)
Irrigated
Rainfed
Total
61076 (46 p.c)
72729 (54 p.c)
133805 (100 p.c)

Industrialisation

Industrialization is one of the important means of promoting economic development of the country. Ballari is one of the important taluks in the district where industrialization taking place rapidly. In this taluk there are 3136 industrial units with an investment of Rs. 8823.75 lakh. These units provide employment to 15484 persons. Among medium and large scale units, Ballari Steels and Alloys Ltd, (Sponge Iron), Sharada Veg Oil Ltd (Solvent extraction), Mullangi Spintex Ltd (Cotton yarn), N.K.Steels (Billets and Sheet Products), Panyan Cement and Minerals, Hagari (Calcium Carbides and Acetylene Black), Krishna Stone tech Pvt. Ltd (Granite cutting and polishing), O.R.V. Casting (Alloy Casting Products) and Ballari Steel Rolling Mill (M.S.Flats and angles) are important.

There are 3472 rural artisans whose activity comprises of Carpentry, Blacksmith, Cane and Bamboo, Leather, Tailoring, Goldsmith, Rope making, Pottery, Cotton weaving and Silk weaving etc.,

Statistics at a Glance

CENSUS OF INDIA - 2001
Results Ballari taluk vis-à-vis District vis-à-vis State
Subject
Ballari Taluk
Ballari District
Karnataka State
1991
2001
1991
2001
1991
2001
Number of revenue Villages
103
99
542
524
29193
Number of hoblies
5
5
27
27
745
745
Number of Gram Panchayats
-
40
-
189
-
5689
Corporations
-
1
-
1
218
228
CMC's
1
-
2
1
Town Muncipal Council
-
-
1
1
Town Panchayats
-
-
7
7
ZP Members
-
7
-
32
-
890
TP Members
-
25
-
112
-
3288
GP Memebrs
-
642
-
2586
-
80073
Area in Sq. Km
1689
1689
8447
8447
191792
191792
Total Population (in lakhs)
4.95
6.92
16.56
20.27
449.77
528.51
Male Population (in lakhs)
2.53
3.19
8.42
40.28
229.52
268.99
Female Population (in lakhs)
2.42
3.06
8.14
9.97
220.25
259.52
Decadal Growth Rate - p.c
28.00
26.26
26.84
22.30
21.12
17.25
Population Density ( per Sq.Km)
293
370
196
240
235
275
Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males)
957
961
966
969
960
964
0-6 Population - p.c
18.25
14.06
19.35
14.06
16.63
12.94
Rural Population (in Percent)
250046 (50.16)
308728 (49.35)
1125746 (67.98)
1320290 (65.13)
31069412 (69.07)
34889033 (66.01)
Urban Population (in Percent)
245391 (49.54)
316766 (50.65)
530254 (32.02)
706850 (34.87)
13907788 (32.93)
17961529 (33.99)
SC Population (in percent)
82286 (16.60)
101051 (16.16)
311252 (18.79)
374218 (18.46)
7369279 (16.38)
8563930 (16.20)
ST Population (in percent)
11253 (2.27)
101961 (16.30)
147569 (8.91)
364638 (17.99)
1915691 (4.25)
3463986 (6.55)
Literacy - p.c
42.00
60.64
45.89
58.55
56.04
67.04
Male Literacy - p.c
52.00
71.86
59.11
70.20
67.26
76.29
Female Literacy -p.c
31.00
49.04
32.24
46.58
44.34
57.25

 

Composite Comprehensive Development Index , 2001 - Ballari Taluk
Sl. No
Subject
Relatively Developed
Backward
More Backward
Most Backward
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 Literacy Rate
-
-
ü
-
2 Percentage of children out school in (6-14) age group
-
-
-
ü
3 Pupil - Teacher Ratio
-
-
-
ü
4 Educational Infrastructure Index
ü
-
-
-
5 Number of students enrolled in Govt. and Aided degree colleges per lakh
ü
-
-
-
6 Number of Hospital beds per 10,000 population
ü
-
-
-
7 Number of doctors per 10,000 population
ü
-
-
-
8 Health Infrastructure Index
ü
-
-
-
9 Drinking water facility
-
-
ü
-
10 Social Infrastructure
ü
-
-
-

Infrastructure Stats

Sl.No
Particulars
Unit
Number
Education
1
Lower Primary Schools
Number
107
2
Higher Primary Schools
Number
144
3
High Schools
Number
21
4
P U Colleges
Number
04
5
Moaraji Desai Schools
Number
00
6
Residential Schools
Number
02
7
Benificiaries under Akshara Dashoha
Number
59602
8
Enrolment in schools (6-14) children
Percent
98
9
Engineering Colleges
Number
02
10
Polytechnic Colleges
Number
01
11
Medical Colleges
Number
01
12
Ayurvedic Colleges
Number
01
13
Pharmacy Colleges
Number
01
Note : Dr. Nanjundappa Committe report says Ballari taluk is a developed taluk as far as infrastructure development related to Education sector is concerned. However this taluk is either more backward or most backward at literacy levels and pupil teacher ratio. Because of various interventions under SSA program the dropout rates have considerably come down in this taluk.
Health
1
Medical Collges Hospitals (VIMS)
Number
01
2
Primary Heath Centres
Number
13
3
Health Sub-Centres
Number
56
4
Primary Health Units
Number
08
5
Govt. Ayurvedic Hospitals
Number
01
6
Govt. Ayurvedic Dispensaries
Number
11
7
Govt. Homeophathy Dispensaries
Number
02
8
Govt. Unany Dispensaries
Number
01
9
Fogging Machines
Number
22
10
Ambulances
Number
01
Note: According to Dr. Nanjundappa's Committe report this is the only taluk in the district which is termed as relatively developed as far as infrastructure development is concerned. However the health conditions status in the taluk/district causing concern. The incidence of Aids, Polio, J.E and Dengue fever etc., are the most uncommon diseases prevalent in this district.
Social Welfare
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
06
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys- strength
Number
490
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hosptels for girls - strength
Number
85
5
Post-metrict hostels for boys
Number
04
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
300
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
02
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
100
9
Residetial Schools
Number
01
10
Residential Schools - strength
Number
75
B C M
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
05
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
250
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
50
5
Post-metric hostels for boys
Number
03
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
245
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
50
9
Ashrama Schools (Boys and Girls)
Number
01
10
Ashrama School - strength
Number
25
11
Morarji Desai Schools (Boys & Girls)
Number
01
12
Morarji Desai Schools - strength
Number
158
13
Tailor Training Centres
Number
01
14
Tailor Training Centres - strength
Number
20
15
GIA Pre-metric hsotels - boys - Minorities
Number
01
16
GIA Hostels - Minorities - strength
Number
50
17
GIA Pre-metric hostels - Girls - Minorities
Number
02
18
GIA Hostels - Minorities - strength
Number
95
Note: During 2003-04, out of 477 hostel inmates who appeared for SSLC exam. 122 (or 26 p.c) students have secured first class, 125 (or 26 p.c), second class and 153 (or 32 p.c) third class.
Women and Child
1
Anganwadi Centres
Number
353
2
Anganwadi centres with own buildings
Number
186
3
Nutrition - benificiaries - (0-6) children
Number
28078
4
Nutrition - benificiaries - pregnant and mothers
Number
6574
5
Shtree Shakthi groups
Number
659
6
Members in Shtree Shalkthi groups
Number
9820
7
Bank linkages provided
No. of groups
332
8
Savings
Rs. lakhs
92.96
Note: The members of Shree Shakthi groups are preferred for assigning responsibilities like cooking jobs under Akshara Dasoha, Tax Collection at Grama Panchayat Level.
Agriculture
1
Cultivators - Male (2001 census)
Number
41093
2
Cultivators - Female (2001 census)
Number
20244
3
Cultivators - Total (2001 census)
Number
61337
4
Agriculture Labourers - Male
Number
30157
5
Agriculture Labourers - Female
Number
33494
6
Agriculture Labourers - Total
Number
63651
Animal Husbandry
1
Veternary Hospitals
Number
01
2
Dispensaries
Number
12
3
Primary Vet. Centres
Number
04
4
Mobile Vet. Dispensaries
Number
01
5
Total Animal population
Number
243688
Fisheries
1
Irrigation tanks
Number
07
2
Fish ponds
Number
71
3
Fishermen
Number
840
4
Average annual production
M. Tones
650
Forest
1 Area under forest
Hectares
10764
2 Area under forest to Total Area
Percentage
06
Roads
1
National Highways
Km
51
2
State Highways
Km
74
3
District Roads
Km
429
4
Other district roads
Km
04
5
Rural Roads
Km
114
6
T D B Roads
Km
628
7
Irrigation Roads
Km
198
Total Length
Km
1498
8
Length of Railway line
Km
74
Rural Drinking Water
1
Flouride affected villages
Number
23
2
Borewells
Number
1043
3
Mini Water Supply schemes
Number
132
4
Piped Water Supply schemes
Number
78
Note: One third of villages in the district are flouride affected. Alternative proposed are surface water and de-flouride filters
Below Poverty Line (BPL)
1
BPL households as per 1997 Census
Number
21742
2
BPL households as per 1997 Census
percent
44.50

Places of Interest

(a) Hill Fort:

This is situated in the heart of Ballari City with more than two k.m. in circumference.This attractive fort which will be illuminated on national festivals is 1976 feet above the sea level and 480 feet above the level of the town.

(b) Durgamma Temple:

This famous temple is situated in Parvathinagar of Ballari town. Goddess Durgamma is said to have cured diseases and people gather in large numbers during annual festival in February every year.

(c) Jeeva Smadhi of Yerri Thatha at Chellagurki village:

Yerri Thatha the great saint who came and lived for 25 years in Chellagurki village died there in 1922.The samadhi attract people from all over the State and on every new moon day.

(d) Kurugodu Temples:

Kurugodu village (declared as taluk headquarters for the newly declared Kurugodu taluk) is 28 kms. from Ballari town. Basaveshwara temple with modern gopura and large Nandi (12 feet height) attracts quite a good number of pilgrims. In old Kurugodu there are nine temples on one side and one temple on the other side of Hanumantha hill. No mortar was used and all had been constructed of granite.

(e) Moka Farm:

Moka village, which stands on the bank of river Hagari, is 17 k.m. away from Ballari city.There is one agriculture farm and Malleswaraswamy temple.